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Traducción EAT Inglés

Descripción de la raza al Inglés Americano

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TRADUCCION AL INGLES AMERICANO DE LA DESCRIPCION DEL EUSKAL ARTZAIN TXAKURRA

The Basque Shepherd Dog, or ?Euskal Artzain Txakurra?, as he is called in his native land, is a sheepdog with a rich and ancient history. Bones found in Neolithic caves show that 12,000 years ago Basque shepherds were already using the dogs for herding. Later, Basque Shepherd Dogs were represented in 16th century frescos and paintings. Despite this evidence, official recognition of the breed required an exhaustive study of more than 3,000 dogs from throughout the Basque Country. After demonstrating the differences between the Basque Shepherd Dog and other breeds, such as the Petit Berger (Pyreanean Shepherd), the Gos d?Atura (Catalan Sheepdog), the Doberman or the Mastín del Pirineo (Pyrenean Mastiff), in January 1996 the Spanish Royal Canine Society
recognized the Basque Shepherd Dog as a unique breed with two varieties: the Iletsua (?hairy?) and the Gorbeiakoa (?from the Gorbeia mountain?).
Of the two types of Basque Shepherd Dog, the oldest and purest is the Gorbeiakoa. However, both varieties share a similar physique and temperament. Neither is known for its beauty, but rather for its unsurpassable talents in herding sheep, cows, horses or even poultry.

ILETSUA (pronounced ?ee-LET-tsuah?) The Iletsua is known for its territoriality and the strong bond it establishes with its owner. Itsmedium-length coat is shorter on the face (and should never cover the eyes). The fur on the front of the extremities is coarser and blond/cinnamon in color. The head appears slight in relation to the body, and the neck is short and muscular. The eyes are oval and brown or amber in color.
The ears are medium-sized, triangular and may have folds.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GORBEIAKOA (pronounced ?gor-BAY-ahkoah?)
The Gorbeiakoa is known as ?rojillo? (?reddish?) because of its fiery red color. It is confident, social and well-balanced. The face often has three to five freckles. One of its primary characteristics is a stripe which extends from the corner of the eye to the base of the ear. The muzzle is long and slender; the neck is of medium length; the tail has a medium set. The fur on the tail is quite long, but the rest of the coat is smoother and shorter than that of the Iletsua.

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GORBEIAKOA

General Appearance

Balanced and elongated harmonious shape. Widely developed trunk and elongated appearance, fire-red coat, known as “rojillo” with frequent darkening on the muzzle.
Important Proportions

The relation between the height and length is close to 1/1,1 in both sexes. In females the relation skull/face is 1/1,3 and in males, 1/1,6.
Temperament and Behaviour

Typical aptitude to herding, sure of themselves, sociable and balanced temperament.
Head

Subconvex cranial profile with evenly vaulted on the whole frontal.
Light with regard to the trunk. Shaped like a pyramid and coinciding cranio-facial lines.
Scant sexual dimorphism.
Very short hair.
Frequent presence of three moles, one close to each of the corners of the lips and the third in the central part of the jaw.
Very frequently there are two moles more located on the upper part of the face or behind the other two.
The moles have black hairs longer than the rest on the head.
Frequency of a dark colour “rabillo del ojo” (corner of the eye) that goes from the external angle of the eye to the base of the ear.

CRANIAL REGION:
Long and wide. Marked occipital protuberance. Softly marked superciliary ridges and little appreciable sockets.

FACIAL REGION:
Straight upper profile. Frequently, there is a slight rise close to the nose.

a) Nose: Straight with black tip.
b) Muzzle: Long and thin, with frequent pigmentations.
c) Stop: Soft.
d) Lips: They cover the lower jaw properly, without flaccidity.
e) Jaw / teeth: Strong, complete, orthognathous.
f) Eyes: Medium and almond shape, Brown or amber.
g) Ears: Medium, fallen although in some dogs, they are accepted if semifolded. Back implantation and in the same line of the corner of the eye (“rabillo del ojo”).
Neck

Medium length and should be the shape of a blunt cone. Strong, not very long.
Body

Moderately arched and deep rib cage.
a) Wither: Long and scantly pronounced that extends over a straight, long and widely developed back.
b) Back: Strong, oblique and marked outline.
c) Loin: Straight, medium and steady, even in movement.
d) Croup: Strong, long and wide. Very muscled. The angulation fluctuates between 15º and 30º.
e) Chest: Medium width. Deep, high up to the elbow.
f) Abdomen: Considerably tucked up.
Tail

Medium set with the hair longer than the hock joint.
Forequarters

a) General Appearance: Strong, dry and vertical.
b) Shoulders: Marked and strongly developed.
c) Arms: Long, strong and with a slope of 45º, the length similar to that of the forearm.
d) Elbows: Parallel and very closed to the body. Coinciding or over the line of the sternum.
e) Forearms: Good osseous development.
f) Carpus (Carpal joint): Good development and strength.
g) Metacarpus (Pastern): Well proportioned.
h) Feet: Oval, strong, with hard and resistant pads.

Hindquarters

a) General Appearance: Strong, perfectly parallel seen from behind and marked angulations.
b) Thighs: Long, strong, too dry muscles, powerful and an angulation of 45º.
c) Knees: Very developed, powerful, marked and angulations of around 120º.
d) Legs: Strong, dry muscles and with very marked tendons.
e) Hock Joints: Parallel and strong.
f) Metatarsus: Powerful, vertical to the ground and medium length.
g) Feet: Strong and oval. With one or two dewclaws in each hindquarter or without them.
Gait / Movement

The typical gait is trot.
Coat

Slightly thick, without any flaccidity. Close to the body and the head.
Hair

Moderately long, soft texture. Smooth and short hair. On the face, the hair is smooth and very short, as well as in the front part of the limbs, with plume on the back part of them.
Colour

Fire-red in different shades “rojillo” and blond or fawn.
Size and Weight

Height at the wither:
Males: 47 to 61 cm.
Females: 46 to 59 cm.

Weight:
Males: 18 to 36 kg.
Females: 17 to 29 kg.
Faults

Common to both varieties. Any departure from the foregoing points or those that entail hereditary problems that damages the health or function of the breed. The seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree of deviation from the standard. Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Disqualifying faults:
Defects of the teeth: Prognatism, lack of more than two premolars, loss of incisors or canines.
Defects of the ears: Cropped ears.
Lack of “stop”.
Defects of the eyes: Blind animals, strong or lack of vision, blue or green iris.
Tail: Short from the birth, docked, excessively long.
Hair: Lack of hair there where it is characteristic.
Colour: White, black or gray and white or dark-spotted coats.

ELIMINATING FAULTS:
FOR DOG SHOWS:
Unbalanced character.
Any type of prognatism, lack of any testicle (monorquids), lack of more than two premolars, symptoms of albinism.
Short tail, lack of a premolar different from P1.
White, grey or black coat of coats different from those described on the standard.
Dispigmented nose.
Symptoms of infectious, contagious illnesses or any that can be transmitted.

Aptitude Test
The fact of having always been a dog for herding made to have a test in which dogs, apart from having excellent conditions of beauty, have minimum qualities required to a dog for herding.
Once the dog is registered as Euskal Artzain Txakurra, the owner will be allowed to opt for the championship of the breed, only in this case the dog should be apt in the aptitude test.
For that aim, the dog’s owner without moving from the pointed place and being in front of the table of a jury, will have to try to guide his dog until a small flock located in one side of the field.
Once the dog has reached them, he will have to approach the flock roughnessless and group them, without beating then since he would be disqualified at the second bite.
Once the jury indicates it, the owner will ask the dog to come back to the shepherd’s feet and stay quiet close to him. When going and coming, the jury will indicate the owner by means of a whistle that he has to make the dog stop in that moment.
There will be a maximum time of one minute and a half.
The result of the test will be apt or non apt.
This test will be independent from the registration and will only be necessary for those registered dogs that want to opt for the championship of the breed.

WORKING TRIALS (HERDING):
Lack of typicity and attention to the handler.
Going far away from the flock.
Biting twice or more times or attack the flock.
Disobedience.
Symptoms of illness.
Lack of character.
Lack of love for herding.
Not to approach the flock.
Taking longer than established.


 

ILETSUA

General Appearance

Balanced and elongated harmonious shape, strong and rectangular trunk. With the angulations of a trotter. Body covered by a typical coat of more bristle hair than in the Gorbeiakoa variety. Blond or fawn and cinnamon coats.
Important Proportions

The relation between the height at the wither and the length is close to 1/1,2 in both sexes and between the skull and the face of 5/5.
Temperament/Behaviour

He usually is a dog that has a close link with his owner for whom he is absolutely faithful. He clearly marks his territory.
Head

Diverging cranio-facial lines and subconvex cranial profile. Shaped like an elongated truncated pyramid, a bit light compared to the development of the trunk.
Covered by shorter hair than the rest of the body and without covering the eyes. Little marked sexual dimorphism.

a) Skull: Big length, softly rectangular. Moderately marked protuberance of the occipital crest. Softly flat in the central part of the skull. Marked superciliary ridges and blurred sockets.
b) Face: Straight or softly convex in its more distant extreme upper profile.
c) Nose: Straight, not excessively long. The tip is always black.
d) Muzzle: Light, straight or slightly convex in its more distant extreme. Of a more intense cinnamon colour than the rest of the body or black. Short hair.
e) “Stop”: Clearly defined, without exaggerations.
f) Lips: Firm and closed, neither flabby nor heavy, properly covering the lower jaw. They do not form a marked corner of the mouth. Black pigmentation.
g) Jaw-teeth: Strong, complete, orthognathous. Scissor bite.
h) Eyes: Medium, oval, with black eyelids and brown or amber iris. Subfrontal position.
i) Ears: Preferably over the line of extension of the corner of the eye. Medium size. Triangular and,
sometimes, with a fold up that makes it be inclined backwards.
Neck

Slightly short, cylindrical and good muscular development. Soft insertion in the head and wider in the trunk.
Trunk

Arched ribs and a bit deep.
a) Wither: Defined. Long, but scarcely pronounced that continues in a wide back. Medium length, straight and very strong.
b) Back: Slightly bent shoulder blade with a soft joint with the ribs. Strong development of the muscles.
c) Loin: Straight, steady even while moving. Short in relation to the back and well muscled.
d) Croup: Well development, not only in length but also in width, being both similar. The angle of the slope of the croup varies from 30º to 40º.
e) Chest: Moderately wide, a bit deep.
f) Abdomen: Lightly tucked up.
Tail

Medium-high set, reaching the hock joint. Good mobility. Long and hooked in repose. It can take three positions:
At rest: Low.
In alert: Flag.
In activity: Sickle.
Forequarters

a) General Appearance: Vertical, dry and strong, with very well developed and marked tendons. Covered by short hair in the front part and with plume in the rear one.
b) Shoulders: Little noticeable and good development.
c) Arms: Strong, not very long.
d) Elbows: Parallel and right closed to the body. Coinciding with the line of the sternum.
e) Forearms: Very powerful, vertical and a bit longer than the arms.
f) Carpus (Carpal joint): Well developed.
g) Metacarpus (Pastern): Short, strong and vertical.
h) Feet: Oval, with hard and resistant pads.
Hindquarters

a) General Appearance: Very strong, parallel seen from behind and able to drive the animal with power. Moderate angulation.
b) Thighs: Very strong, with good muscular development, slightly long.
c) Knees: Marked without exaggeration, with an angulation between 115º and 120º.
d) Legs: Strong and muscled. Straight or slightly convex muscular plans.
e) Hock joints: Not too much descended. Dry. Noticeable tip of hock joint.
f) Metatarsus: Short, powerful and vertical.
g) Feet: Oval. With one or two dewclaws in each limb or without them.
Gait / Movement

The characteristic of the shepherd dogs is the trot. Soft, expanded, with a good back drive, the head as an extension of the trunk.
Coat

Slightly thick, closed to the muscular plans and the bone prominences.
Hair

Moderately long, rough, coarse. Shorter on the front part of the limbs.
Colour

Blond or fawn and cinnamon.
Size and Weight

Height at the wither:
Males: 47 to 63 cm.
Females: 46 to 58 cm.

Weight:
Males: 18 to 33 kg.
Females: 17 to 30 kg.
Faults

Common to both varieties. Any departure from the foregoing points or those that entail hereditary problems that damages the health or function of the breed. The seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree of deviation from the standard. Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Disqualifying faults:
Defects of the teeth: Prognatism, lack of more than two premolars, loss of incisors or canines.
Defects of the ears: Cropped ears.
Lack of “stop”.
Defects of the eyes: Blind animals, strong or lack of vision, blue or green iris.
Tail: Short from the birth, docked, excessively long.
Hair: Lack of hair there where it is characteristic.
Colour: White, black or gray and white or dark-spotted coats.

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